Top terms include output device, input device, device driver, and thousands more. do not fully turn off) irrespective of the output signal waveform. Peter Day's Glossary of Computer Terms Denis Howe's Dictionary of Computing No … The peripherals are any devices attached to the computer for purposes of input, output, and storage of data (such as a keyboard, monitor display, or external hard disk). In today’s technological world, knowing computer terms for kids is a must. As the processor continues to work at a rapid pace, it begins to generate heat. Malware: Short for malicious software, malware is software code that is designed to damage files or entire computer systems, steal data, disrupt network, and do generally bad things to computers, networks, and people. Moreover, it does all the data manipulation, calculations and formatting data for output. Monitor: The screen of your computer, which displays computer programs and the Internet. It explains in computing terminology what PDF means and is one of many file format terms in the TechTerms dictionary. In computer security, the process of ensuring that the resources of a computer system can be accessed only by authorized users in authorized ways. Credit belongs to the original authors, especially to Peter Day, from whose glossary most of the terms were collected. This software or hardware is developed for general use in a variety of information management applications. The section will expose students to computer hardware parts, their definitions and use. 2. n. An indication that an item sent was received. A computer system consists of two major elements: hardware and software. Converts mains AC to low-voltage regulated DC power for the internal components of a computer. Part I – Computer Terms 1. These numbers can be manipulated using formulas. Computer hardware terms and related words and jargon relating to computer hardware. The first list includes computer definitions for students related to working on a computer. Access: To obtain or retrieve information from a storage device. There are many different kinds of hardware that can be installed inside, and connected to the outside, of a computer. The term is often used interchangeably with adware and malware. These terms will be expanded upon in the appropriate sections that follow: Connection: In networking, a connection refers to pieces of related information that are … It is so named because it is conceptually one level higher than a supervisory program. Computer Terms Dictionary – Developed by the Tips4pc community. STUDY. Bus – In this context, a hardware bus is the architecture in a computer’s sub-systems that allows the various components to communicate with each other. Lifewire / … A. the full terms are stated as definitions. It is not developed or intended for use in any inherently dangerous Appendix A contains the standard symbols used in electrical and electronic diagrams. Browse through our list of over 15,000 computer terms and definitions using the above search, browsing by letter, or by clicking one of the links below. The computer networks can be broadly classified as Homogenous' and 'Heterogeneous'. Basic Computer Terms Hardware - The physical parts of a computer - CPU . acknowledgment 1. n. The transmission, by a receiver, of acknowledge characters as an affirmative response to a sender. Glossary of electrical engineering terms and definitions listed alphabetically ... Complex instruction set computer (CISC): Computer hardware designed to support complex instructions, as opposed to RISC (reduced instruction set computer) architecture. Computer Specifications & Terms Explained (For Inquiring Minds) General Terminology . Computer hardware is the collection of physical parts of a computer system. Disk Drive . Malware consists of viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, adware, backdoors, rootkits, and bots. Random Access Memory (RAM) Short term memory of the computer. Millisecond 1/1,000th of a second. PC Personal Computer PCB Printed Circuit Board PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect PCI-X Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory C ard International Association PDA Personal Digital Assistant PDF Portable Document Format PHP Hypertext Preprocessor PIM Personal Information Manager PMU Power Management Unit The CPU interprets and carries out program instructions. The peripherals are any devices attached to the computer for purposes of input, output, and storage of data (such as a keyboard, monitor display, or external hard disk). A computer system consists of both hardware and software. ADDRESS: Identification, represented in the form of a name, label, or number, for recognizing a particular location in storage area. %�쏢 Computer Networks A computer network is a system or communication among two or more computers. Malware: Short for malicious software, malware is software code that is designed to damage files or entire computer systems, steal data, disrupt network, and do generally bad things to computers, networks, and people. 3 Your brain adds the two … stream The desktop contains a number of icons, or images, that you can click on to start programs. Some basic hardware includes the motherboard, CPU, RAM, hard drive, etc. /Filter /FlateDecode An unauthorized piece of computer code attached to a computer program or portions of a computer system that secretly copies itself from one computer to another by shared discs and over telephone and cable lines. It uses the UTC format and it is unrelated to time zones. Definitions. Hence, whenever someone buys a computer he/she becomes more conscious about the CPU and its capabilities. This dictionary is ideal not only for students of computing but for those studying the related fields of Information Technology, mathematics, physics, media communications, electronic engineering, and natural sciences. The internet is a vast interconnection of computer networks that comprises millions of computing devices. This is the place of computer data handling. The following terms and definitions were collected from the web sites. Hard Drive A peripheral device that reads and/or writes information on a disk . Mathematics beyond the high- school level has not been used. PDF is a ... TechTerms - The Tech Terms Computer Dictionary. In some cases a narrow de nition is given for simplicity sake. Before we begin discussing networking with any depth, we must define some common terms that you will see throughout this guide, and in other guides and documentation regarding networking. Desktop The information that appears on the computer soon after the computer is turned on. Just know Hertz refers to speed and Bytes refers to size or capacity . <> Your computer hardware will consist of the devices within the case of the computer itself, and any peripheral devices that are connected to the computer (such as the mouse and keyboard). computer virus: Rogue software programs that are difficult to detect which spread rapidly through computer systems, destroying data or disrupting processing and memory systems. That’s why the ‘M… Computer Terms / Terminologies Starting with “A” with Definitions. A glossary of computer terminology Application (sometimes shortened to ‘app’) Computer software, also known as a ‘program’ or ‘app’ that performs a task or set of tasks, such as word processing or drawing. Central processing unit; the brain of the computer; controls the other elements of the computer . CPU means ‘Central Processing Unit’. The ball slides within a bored cylinder, against the pressure of a spring, which pushes the ball against the detent, a hole of smaller diameter than the ball. Computer hardware includes the physical parts of a computer, such as the case, central processing unit (CPU), monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, graphics card, sound card, speakers and motherboard. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Glossary of Re-engineering Terms Software Engineering GLOSSARY Abstract Data Types (ADT) A type whose internal form is hidden behind a set of access functions. 3. n NTP A time syncronization protocol, based on a client-server architecture, available on Internet on UDP port 123. All Categories. A hypervisor, also called virtual machine manager (VMM), is one of many hardware virtualization techniques that allow multiple operating systems, termed guests, to run concurrently on a host computer. Unsolicited email messages sent out in bulk and generally commercial in nature. keyboard, mouse etc. A peripheral device that reads and/or writes information on a disk . the portion of a CPU which actually performs arithmetic and logical operations. 3 0 obj Spam. The Windows in the background are not active. Display Unit, printer etc. If this heat is not kept in check, the processor could overheat and eventually destroy itself. So, Each glossary page contains a list of further theory & reading around the Computer Science GCSE glossary keyword Computer hardware includes the physical parts of a computer, such as the case, central processing unit (CPU), monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, graphics card, sound card, speakers and motherboard.. By contrast, software is the set of instructions that can be stored and run by hardware. the physical and structural components of computers, architectural issues, and peripheral devices. The hardware is the physical equipment: the computer itself, and the peripherals connected to it. Central processing unit; the brain of the computer; controls the other elements of the computer . Many computers ship with a firewall you can activate. Icon A small picture or image representing a command (such as print), a file, or a program. Hardware : Links to topics on this page: The term hardware refers to the physical components of the computer system (as opposed to the software). All computer firewalls offer some kind of safeguard against hackers vandalizing or taking over a computer system. Hard Drive . Computer or CPU (central processing unit) The main part, or “brains” of a computer. %PDF-1.5 x��]Y��F,�$�_�|�#_����&���5@ �K�}����A8���RlU��"{f{� �a�w�&�d��wm���u�Ƈ��lw���y����t�>���ח���S�i����˶�����\�Ov7�Sc���O���w���8�vڿv����z�w�F�i��8t�i���wWД�i�p�7z���Au��0�6_?X q������m�0�Q�_�� T�jm�`�z}�L�'���5Gә��_�-���&����ۇ�������jL7�ǮUL�w�:N����̘�yPr��e��[��7MA�mm7u��_3�����!A��;)��Y��dq���>/ Some firewalls are free. 5 0 obj Objects of the type are created and inspected only by calls to the access functions. Common Mechanical Engineering Terms Ball and Detent (n) A simple mechanical arrangement used to hold a moving part in a temporarily fixed position relative to another part. With this list, kids can understand key terms and become a technology wiz. PLAY. Laptop: A small computer, consisting of a screen and a keyboard, which folds in half so that it can be easily carried. 3 Store the numbers in your memory. Computing firewalls range from small anti-virus software packages to complex and expensive software and hardware solutions. 3 Storage devices like hard disk, floppy disks etc. core. PC Personal Computer PCB Printed Circuit Board PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect PCI-X Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory C ard International Association PDA Personal Digital Assistant PDF Portable Document Format PHP Hypertext Preprocessor PIM Personal Information Manager PMU Power Management Unit Razer – Razer Inc. is a boutique gaming hardware company with headquarters in San Francisco and Singapore. Computer Hardware Basic Terms study guide by supongw includes 30 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Browse through our list of over 15,000 computer terms and definitions using the above search, browsing by letter, or by clicking one of the links below. 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