The ancient civilization of Greece was located in southeastern Europe along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Greece being a mountainous region created natural barriers and division for the city/states of Greek civilization. The Greek peninsula has two distinctive geographic features that influenced the development of Greek society. Give it to someone else and tell them how some rocks, dirt, salt water, and trees helped shape the civilization of the Ancient Greeks. Two of them were geography and trade. The land contains countless scattered islands, deep harbors, and a network of small rivers. Isolated Communities and the Difficulties of Travel Greece's steep mountains and surrounding seas forced Greeks to settle in isolated communities. Geographical formations including mountains, seas, and islands formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states and forced the Greeks to settle along the coast. The geography that had the most effect on Greece included the climate, the sea, and the mountains. First of all, the climate in Greece was very temperate. T here were many factors that affected the development of Greece. Geography and trade affected the development of Greece in positive and negative ways. The Greeks, like many other ancient civilizations, felt deeply connected to the land they lived on. Geography plays a critical role in shaping civilizations, and this is particularly true of ancient Greece. Due to the mountains in Greece all these city-states were split up and therefore they all had different practices and cultures. History >> Ancient Greece. Geography; How did it affect the rise of Athens? First, Greece has easy access to water. Now, put everything back in the mystery box. One major reason why ancient Greece was dominated by small city-states and independent towns, rather than by one all-powerful king, is its geography. The geography of the region helped to shape the government and culture of the Ancient Greeks. Ways in Which Geography Impacted Rome's Development. We do know, using the Greeks and many other examples from ancient history, that geography has a huge influence on how things turn out. Although it is tempting to ascribe Rome's success to its military power or economic might, the geography of the city … No wonder, Greeks were known as the best merchants of the ancient period. In a nutshell, Greece’s geography is Europe’s geography writ small. The ancient city of Rome dominated most of Europe, Africa and the Middle East for centuries. Greek temperatures average 48 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter and 80 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer. The geography of Greece greatly influenced the culture in that, with few natural resources and surrounded by water, the people eventually took to the sea for their livelihood. That is to say, mainland Greece’s mountainous geography encouraged the development of independent Greek city-states (Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, etc.) This lesson examined the role that the geography and climate of Greece had on the development of the Greek people. Mountains cover 80 percent of Greece and only small rivers run through a rocky landscape which, for the most part, provides little encouragement for agriculture . While living on the land helped to develop a strong sense of pride in their country, the distance between the islands and the mountains did not help to support unity in Greece. Nearly every city had the direct access towards the sea; therefore, marine trade was quite solid at that time. The sea is another important geographical factor that influenced the development of Ancient Greece. In this chapter, you learn about the ways in which geography influenced settlement and way of life in ancient Greece. 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