Climate-ADAPT was developed jointly by the European Commission and the EEA to share knowledge on (1) observed and projected climate change and its impacts on environmental and social systems and on human health, (2) relevant research, (3) EU, transnational, national and subnational adaptation strategies and plans, and (4) adaptation case studies. For references, please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/sea-level-rise-6 or scan the QR code. As global temperatures rise, coasts will become more vulnerable to flooding and erosion. NASA launches U.S.-European satellite to track sea level rise The Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich satellite, put into Earth orbit, is expected to have unprecedented accuracy. This indicator comprises several metrics to describe past and future sea level rise globally and in European seas. Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/Kathryn Mersmann › … Changes in water density are not expected to be spatially uniform, and changes in ocean circulation also have regionally different impacts. Past sea level trends across Europe are reported in two different ways: first, absolute sea level change based on satellite altimeter measurements that reflect primarily the contribution of global climate … The EEA is an agency of the European Union, Other Even if greenhouse gas concentrations were stabilised immediately, sea level would continue to rise for many centuries. Sea level changes are measured using tide gauges and remotely from space using altimeters. In particular, since the last ice age, the lands around the northern Baltic Sea have been, and are still, rising owing to the post-glacial rebound [vi]. No projections are available for the Black Sea. The strategy aims to make Europe more climate-resilient. For centuries, the 7 1/2-mile-long barrier island protected the lagoon from the sea. The most intense surge events typically occur during the winter months in Europe. Estimates for the rate of GMSL rise during the period since 1993, for which satellite-based measurements are available, are considerably higher than the 20th century trend, at 2.4–3.2 mm/year (see dark blue curve in Figure 1). Values larger than 1 indicate an increase in flooding frequency, This European Environment Agency (EEA) report The NAO, interannual wind variability, changes in ocean circulation patterns, and the location of large-scale gyres and small-scale eddies are further factors that can influence local sea level in the European seas. Global and European sea-level rise, 08 Sep 2008 - [iv] Ü. Suursaar, T. Kullas, and R. Szava-Kovats, ‘Wind and Wave Storms, Storm Surges and Sea Level Rise along the Estonian Coast of the Baltic Sea’,WIT Transactions on Ecology and Environment 127 (17 November 2009): 149–60, https://doi.org/10.2495/RAV090131. Similar results were derived in other recent studies [x]. Past trends: mean sea level along the European coastline. Currently, around 200 million people live in the coastal zone in Europe, as defined by Eurostat. Global mean sea level reconstruction (Uni Siegen), This dataset is described in the following publications: Dangendorf et al. [x] John Hunter, ‘A Simple Technique for Estimating an Allowance for Uncertain Sea-Level Rise’,Climatic Change 113, no. Please make sure javascript is enabled in your browser. The locally experienced changes in sea level differ from global average changes for various reasons. The curve is corrected for the effect of the Glacial Isostatic Adjustment using the ICE5G-VM2 GIA model (Peltier, 2004). we can send you a new one. Around a third of the EU population lives within 50km of the coast and these areas generate over 30% of the Union’s total GDP. These studies project an increase in storm surge level for most scenarios and return periods along the northern European coastline, which can exceed 30 % of the relative sea level rise under the RCP8.5 scenario. Most EU Member States have already adopted national adaptation strategies and many have also prepared action plans on climate change adaptation. Projections consider land movement due to glacial isostatic adjustment but not land subsidence due to human activities. Process-based models estimate the rise in GMSL for the period 2081–2100, compared with 1986–2005, to be likely in the range of 0.26–0.54 m for RCP2.6, 0.32–0.62 m for RCP4.5, 0.33–0.62 m for RCP6.0 and 0.45–0.81 m for RCP8.5. The following aspects of sea level rise are included: In April 2013, the European Commission presented the EU adaptation strategy package. Changes in global average sea level result from a combination of several physical processes. This web portal provides information on all adaptation activities of the European Commission. Extreme sea levels show pronounced short- and long-term variability. IPCC, 2013. EEA Plone KGS 20.11.21. This indicator comprises several metrics to describe past and future sea level rises globally and in European seas. Tide gauges provide direct measurements, but they are influenced by local processes such as land subsidence. (2017): An Accurate and Homogeneous Altimeter Sea Level Record from the ESA Climate Change Initiative, Quartly et al. T. F. Stocker et al. Climate Change: The Physical Science Basis. Sea level rise is the main driver of the changes, but intensified climate extremes along most of northern Europe can have significant local effects. For further information, see the source document. (2012): New Data Systems and Products at the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level. The best expert estimates for sea level rise during the 21st century were 0.4–0.6 m for the low forcing scenario (RCP2.6) and 0.7–1.2 m for the high forcing scenario (RCP8.5) [ix]. This package consists of the EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change (COM/2013/216 final) and a number of supporting documents. Changes in wave and storm surge climate mostly contribute to interannual and decadal variability, but do not show substantial long-term trends [i]. The overall aim of the EU Adaptation Strategy is to contribute to a more climate-resilient Europe. Do something for our planet, print this page only if needed. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ed. For references, please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/sea-level-rise-5/assessment or scan the QR code. [xii] Luis M. Abadie, Elisa Sainz de Murieta, and Ibon Galarraga, ‘Climate Risk Assessment under Uncertainty: An Application to Main European Coastal Cities’,Frontiers in Marine Science 3 (16 December 2016), https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2016.00265. Global mean sea level in 2016 was the highest yearly average since measurements started in the late 19th century; it was about 20 cm higher than at the beginning of the 20th century. A. Slangen et al., ‘Projecting Twenty-First Century Regional Sea-Level Changes’,Climatic Change 124, no. For further information, see the source document. A. Global and European sea-level rise, 08 Sep 2008 - Changes in global average sea levels result from a combination of several physical processes. Pickering et al., ‘The Impact of Future Sea-Level Rise on the European Shelf Tides’,Continental Shelf Research 35 (March 2012): 1–15, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2011.11.011. 9 (29 August 2016): 656–64, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2783. [xv] Alexander Nauels et al., ‘Synthesizing Long-Term Sea Level Rise Projections – the MAGICC Sea Level Model v2.0’,Geoscientific Model Development 10, no. In November 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union adopted the EU's Seventh Environment Action Programme (7th EAP) to 2020, ‘Living well, within the limits of our planet’. A recent study concludes that climate-driven variability in precipitation has resulted in increased water storage on land, and that global sea level rise in the period 2002–2014 would have been 15–20 % higher in the absence of this climate variability [iv]. [iv] J. T. Reager et al., ‘A Decade of Sea Level Rise Slowed by Climate-Driven Hydrology’,Science 351, no. Projections: mean sea level along the European coastline. View now » Coastal Risk Screening Tool: Map By Water Level. Climate changes is a fact. [viii] e.g. Additional water is added to the ocean from a net mass loss of glaciers and small ice caps, and from the large Greenland and West Antarctic ice sheets. A collapse of marine-based sectors of the Antarctic Ice Sheet (i.e. Changes in the climatology of extreme water levels (i.e. US coronavirus cases top 12 million. For any particular location, it is important to look in detail at the change in the height of flood defences that might be required. Salinity in the Mediterranean Sea may increase in the future and this will tend to offset rises in sea level due to thermal expansion from warming. B. 10 (30 January 2014): 3582–95, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00427.1. Sea level is also affected by local and regional factors, such as vertical land movement. Additional water is added to the ocean from a net melting of glaciers and small ice caps, and from the disintegration of the large Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets. IPCC, 2014: Climate Change 2014a: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. The evaluation found that the EU Adaptation Strategy has been a reference point to prepare Europe for the climate impacts to come, at all levels. Model-based projections for changes in regional sea level rise included only grid cells that are covered at least half by sea. The sea level ocean monitoring indicator is derived from the DUACS delayed-time (DT-2018 version) altimeter gridded maps of sea level anomalies based on a stable number of altimeters (two) in the satellite constellation. Further objectives include ‘Promoting adaptation in key vulnerable sectors through climate-proofing EU sector policies’ and ‘Promoting action by Member States’. If the lower estimates regarding 20th century sea level rise (shown in the red curve in Figure 1) were confirmed, the acceleration since the 1990s would be even more pronounced. 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