Mangroves are not a taxonomically unified group, but rather an ecological group that arose through convergent evolution and includes several different families. The data obtained highlight for the first time the most commonly used medicinal plants in the Near East area for cancer treatment illustrating their importance as natural anticancer agents. It plays a significant role in supporting the coastal ecosystem and holds unique potential for studying molecular mechanisms underlying ecological adaptation. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. Distribution. A scene depicting many traditional uses of mangroves. (Avicennia marina), or baru-baruga, were traditionally chewed and used on stingray stings. Vierh. Little is known of the antioxidant potentials of fruits of Avicennia marina (AM) and Acicennia officinalis (AO). australasica Avicennia marina subsp. Description: Some Avicennia marina, ... Ruitenbeek (1992) estimates an annual benefit for medicinal plants of US$ 15/ha for mangroves in Indonesia, based on a general estimate of the biodiversity value in forests that can be captured. Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Avicennia marina is a widely distributed mangrove species that thrives in high-salinity habitats. Where seen? The increase of Avicennia is however a symptom of a more serious issue, that is the impact of increased sedimentation rates within harbours whose catchments have been seriously degraded and/or deforested. from mangroves Avicennia marina and Xylocarpus granatum To cite this article: S I Rahmawati et al 2019 IOP Conf. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the carbohydrate metabolizing enzyme inhibitory, antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic potentials of ethanol leaf and bark extracts of A. officinalis. Source: James A. Duke. mlants may become the base for the development of a new medicine or they may be used as phyto-medicine for the treatment of disease [1]. 1983. The plant leaves have been employed as medical treatment for ulcers, abscess, rheumatism and burns (Nabeelah Bibi et al., 2019). Antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal activity of the extracts from these plants have been shown in former studies (16, 18). Avicennia officinalis Family Acanthaceae updated Jan 2013. The antiviral activity of methanol, ethanol, water, chloroform and n-hexane extracts was evaluated against HIV-1 and HSV. 137. In northern Australia it is commonly found on the seaward edge of the mangroves, but it can be found in almost all mangrove environments. DOI: 10.4172/2329-6879.S1.022. Avicennia marina is distributed along the coasts from western India and Sri Lanka to Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, throughout the Malesian region (except for the northern Philippines), the Palau and Yap Islands and the Solomon Islands.. Avicennia is a characteristic element of the outer mangrove fringe along the shore or tidal rivers. This tree with pencil roots and glossy spoon-shaped leaves sometimes seen in our mangroves, but is not as commonly encountered as Avicennia alba. Inhibitory activity of Avicennia marina, a medicinal plant in Persian folk medicine, against HIV and HSV. Traditional uses of A. marina. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Avicennia marina leaves in the treatment of renal toxicity induced by carbon tetrachloride. Medicinal plants are known to produce certain bioactive molecules which react with other organisms in the environment; inhibiting bacterial or fungal growth [1]. This species was collected by Banks and Solander at Cooktown in 1770. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research 12(2): 435- 2013 Mar [accessed 2016 Feb 14]:435–443. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Vireh (Avicenniaceae) is com- monly known as gray mangrove tree1. Avicennia marina typically dominates pioneering mangrove communities with more unstable sediments, whereas Rhizophora spp. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. Vierh. Grey and White Mangroves Grow around the coast from northern Australia to South Australia. Antimicrobial properties of medicinal plants are being increasingly reported from different parts of the world [2]. medicinal plant, Avicennia marina collected from marine mangrove environments of Puducherry coast. Collectively, these results suggest that the Avicennia marina leaf extract contains bioactive compounds with antimutagenic and antileukaemic effects. These are considered as rich sources of steroids, triterpenes, saponins, tannins, alkaloids and flavonoids (17, 18). Avicennia alba: Seed powder/paste Sap from bark Fruit: Cure for small-pox Contraceptive Human consumption: Avicennia marina: Young leaves Roots Bark Wood: Human consmption, cattle feed Cure on minor fish stings Astringent Firewood: Avicennia officinalis: Seed: Rellieving ulsers: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza: Fruits Hypocotyle Wood Bark Avicennia marina is the most widely distributed species of mangrove in Australia, mainly due to its tolerance of cool conditions. It should also be noted that the … Methods: During the study, two methodologies viz., moist chamber and direct agar plate methods were used for the isolation and enumeration of phylloplane and endophytic fungi. Estimation of free proline in the leaf, stem, root and breathing roots of Avicennia marina (mangrove) and its medicinal uses 4 th International Conference and Exhibition on Occupational Health & Safety. Ser. Similarly, A. marina plant has been used traditionally in folk use medicine. A novel alkaloid, acanthicifolin has been isolated from the plant. Avicenniaceae Grey mangrove . Geographical Distributions. Avicennia officinalis is a medicinally important mangrove plant and used in traditional medicinal practices to treat various ailments like rheumatism, paralysis, asthma, dyspepsia, tumors etc. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white mangrove, is a species of mangrove tree classified in the plant family Acanthaceae (formerly in the Verbenaceae or Avicenniaceae). Vierh. ScientificTracks Abstracts: Occup Med Health Aff. : Earth Environ. Avicennia marina, commonly known as grey mangrove or white Globally, there are eight species of Avicennia with five species (A. alba, A. integra, A. marina, A. officinalis & A. rumphiana) in East Africa and Indo-Pacific, and three species (A. bicolor, A. germinans & A. schaueriana) in the New World Uses; Folk Medicine; Chemistry; Toxicity; Description; Germplasm; Distribution; Ecology; Cultivation; Harvesting; Yields and Economics; Energy; Biotic Factors; References. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) It is found on soft recently consolidated mudbanks, banks of river meanders and at river mouths. Avicennia marina (AM) exhibits various biological activities and has been traditionally used in Egypt to cure skin diseases. T V Rajya Lakshmi . This is the only species of Avicennia L. that occurs along tropical coastlines of the American continents and the West Indies. 278 012065 View the article online for updates and enhancements. Medicinal plants and their essential oils and extracts have been used to a large extent as drugs to better control and management of kidney diseases. Avicennia marina Vierhapper (syns Sceura marina Forsskal, Avicennia officinalis L.) Grey Mangrove, White Mangrove. marina Mangrove plants are a rich source of steroids, triterpenes, saponins, flavonoids, alkaloids and tannins. Conclusions: Avicennia marina (AM) was identified as a potential candi date for the treatment of AGA based on its 5α-R1-inhibitory activity. Fruits of Avicennia marina are universally used as vegetables. Mangroves are widely used for herbal medicine, e.g. Medicinal plants will continue to provide a source for generating novel drug compounds. Uses Heavy even-textured wood used for poles and ribs of boats. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) The bark can also be rubbed on stings, and the wood ash made into a paste to treat skin sores. 1775. There is processing of the hypocotyls of some species as a food source (eg, Avicennia marina).This process is common knowledge to many coastal groups, but is unknown to people from Groote Eylandt and Kalumburu, for example. On the east coast it occurs as far south as Cromer Inlet in Victoria, while on the west coast it occurs down to Bunbury. The three subspecies are shown: Avicennia marina subsp. Generally, medicinal plants have been used by ancient populations all over the world thousands of years ago (Rakotoarivelo et al., 2015). The species produces numerous erect pencil-like pneumatophores with lenticels. of the family Avicenniaceae is a mangrove tree that can grow more than 10 m in height (Aksornkoae et al., 1992; Kitamura et al., 1997; Giesen et al., 2007). Secura marina Forssk., Fl. Handbook of Energy Crops. Avicennia marina, etc ; drug formulations; drug resistance; geographical distribution; herbal medicines; markets; medicinal plants; medicinal properties; phytopharmaceuticals; subtropics; therapeutics; traditional medicine; trees; Show all 13 Subjects Abstract:... Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Santini NS, Reef R, Lockington DA, Lovelock CE. Mangroves contain important chemical constituents with poten-tial medicinal properties. Mangrove plants are not commonly used directly as a food source, probably due to the high levels of tannins and other distasteful chemicals. KEYWORDS: Ames test, MTT assay, apoptosis INTRODUCTION A. marina (Forssk.) eucalyptifolia Avicennia marina subsp. The fruits of Kandelia candel and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza contain starch and if sliced, soaked in water to rinse out tannins and then ground to a paste can make excellent cakes or sweetened stuffing for pastry. This content was downloaded from IP address 207.46.13.105 on 17/05/2020 at 01:29. The bark is greenish-grey, mottled and peeling in patches. Mangrove plants have been used in folklore medicine to treat various diseases for centuries [2]. The fruits of Avicennia marina are widely used for both medicine and food in Guangxi of China. Aeg.-Arab. Sci. Avicennia illicifolius is used for skin disorders, boils and wounds [4]. A. marina … Avicennia marina (Avicenniaceae) is a species of mangrove tree used for treatment of small pox lesions in Persian folk medicine. Valuation techniques: If the mangroves were used for such things, the value would be based on the market value or price of substitutes (e.g. unpublished. Record & Hess (1943) state that the yellowish powder contained in the heartwood is lapachol (see Avicennia germinans L. above). The relationship between Avicennia Marina’s ... Namazi R, Zabihollahi R, Behbahni M, Rezaei A. Inhibitory Activity of Avicennia marina, a Medicinal Plant in Persian Folk Medicine, against HIV and HSV. Avicennia flourishes where silt and mud has accumulated and in some harbours, especially those abutting cities it has become a problem species. typically dominate areas with more stable sediments. Content from this work may be used under the terms of the CreativeCommonsAttribution 3.0 licence. Mangroves are medicinal plants and extracts from different parts of them are widely used through the world (16). The biochemical complexity of the plant ascribes its diverse medicinal properties [3]. Medicinal herbs are the most dominant ethnopharmacological formula used among cancer’s patients in the Near East. Botany and Uses Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. University of Modern Sciences, UAE. In this study, the methanolic heartwood extract of AM was evaluated for inhibitory activity against 5α-reductase (5α-R) [E.C.1.3.99.5], the enzyme responsible for the over-production of 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT) causing androgenic alopecia (AGA). 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